Supporting agriculture is considered a current issue for all countries around the world. Indeed, this sector is extremely important for feeding the population and driving the economic development of a nation. Its significance is understood more deeply during financial crises like global pandemics.
Supporting the agricultural sector in every period provides several benefits for a country. For instance, agricultural development can increase national income and improve employment. It contributes directly or indirectly to exports. Due to these reasons, agriculture in Turkey is one of the most important sources of livelihood for its economy. Since Turkey is a country with fertile land, the agricultural policies implemented in our country are of great importance.
Types of Support
The Agriculture and Rural Development Support Institution supports those who carry out programs aimed at rural development in Turkey. Therefore, learning about agricultural subsidies, their conditions, technological developments, and agricultural development is important. So, what are the types of agricultural support in Turkey?
Agriculture is among the sectors most protected by supportive policies in all countries, especially developed ones. The goals of these policies implemented in Turkey, as in other countries, include increasing producer income and welfare levels, ensuring price stability, promoting rural development, providing cheap food to improve consumer welfare, achieving self-sufficiency, and generating foreign exchange savings.
Among the types of support, farmer subsidies hold a significant place. You can also examine support types offered under the scope of the Agriculture and Rural Development Support Institution and the IPARD program in Turkey, such as agricultural grant support, and easily evaluate their advantages.
The credit support offered under agricultural subsidies is a type of loan specifically provided to farmers. Its interest rates are lower than those of regular bank loans. Its purpose is to protect the interests of the farmer, the sector, and the country’s economy.
Farmers show great interest in Credit support among the types of assistance in Turkey. They can cover their expenses until the harvest season with this loan. They can also healthily maintain their agricultural activities when they have no income. Therefore, the conditions and application period for credit support should be particularly followed by farmers.
Fuel and Fertilizer Support
Farmers who are candidates for the farmer registration system in the production year can benefit from fuel and fertilizer support. This aid aims to increase plant production of agriculture in Turkey. It also aims to develop techniques suitable for sustainable agriculture, environmentally sensitive activities, and efficient and quality production. The decisions on the amounts of these supports are announced to farmers by being published in the Official Gazette.
Irrigation is crucial in agriculture to provide plants with the water they need but cannot obtain from rainfall at the right time. The grants provided in Turkey for modern irrigation systems offer a great advantage for farmers in maintaining their activities. Rural economic and social development is possible by strengthening irrigation systems in the agricultural area. Depending on the need, in-field drip, sprinkler irrigation, drum irrigation, solar-powered irrigation, or smart irrigation systems can be listed among the ministry-supported methods.
Feed and Seed Support
One of the essential needs for maintaining activities is feed and seeds. These two aids are of great importance for farmers regarding the support for agriculture in Turkey. Support is provided for products such as wheat, barley, rye, oats, triticale, chickpeas, dry beans, and lentils under the Agricultural Basins Production and Support Model and beekeeping.
Organic Farming Support
The increase in the country’s population increases the need for food. Therefore, production is becoming more important. Especially organic and good agricultural practices are within the scope of support policies. State support provided to farmers practicing organic farming in Turkey can be listed as follows:
- Low-interest loans,
- Direct income support,
- Aid for the protection of lands,
- Support related to soil analysis.
Tractor Grant Support
The tractor is the most important assistant of small and medium-scale farmers. Therefore, tractor grant support is one of the most important supports given to farmers for the practices of agriculture in Turkey. Those who want to benefit from this support within Turkey’s Agriculture and Rural Development Program (IPARD) scope can apply after meeting the necessary conditions.
Who and When Are Agricultural Supports Given?
It is necessary to follow the application conditions for these supports, which are extremely important for agricultural development. Agricultural supports are primarily given to Turkish citizens who have turned 18 and are registered in the Farmer Registration System. The timing of the application can be followed through the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
In addition, information about the extension of the Farmer Registration System registration periods and the final application dates can also be checked online. Applications for support such as feed and irrigation aids and diesel and fertilizer can also be continued via e-Government.
Application Processes and Things to Pay Attention to
Those who carry out agricultural activities always follow the application processes to benefit from the support. Especially to carry out your actions in a productive way at the right time, it is necessary to be prepared during the application process. Therefore, it may be useful to summarize the application conditions in Turkey for agricultural support for you. Here are the relevant requirements:
- You must apply with a petition on the date determined by the Ministry.
- The application petition must be submitted to the provincial/district directorates of agriculture.
- The decares area to be owned for fertilizer support should be considered.
- Those with more than 50 decares of land should have a soil analysis.
- The suitability of the cultivated product to geographical conditions should be checked.
- When you meet these conditions, you can also apply for support.
Agricultural Supports and Technological Innovations
With advancing technology, the continuation of agricultural activities has also evolved. Thus, innovations are needed for efficient production. The machines used in modern irrigation methods or any situation required by modern agriculture in Turkey benefit farmers in terms of time and cost.
Food storage methods also come to the fore to protect farmers’ labor and prevent their economic losses. Thanks to these methods, the export rate is also increasing. At this point, freeze dryers (lyophilization) are one of the healthiest and most durable food storage methods. In this context, the food is frozen and then dried by sublimation at low temperature and pressure. With the technology used, nutrition can be stored without losing nutritional value. The extension of the shelf life plays a major role in the storage and export of products.
The state provides Agricultural support in Turkey, considering the advancing technology. In addition to aid such as grant support loans and machinery support, freeze dryers offer a great advantage for those carrying out agricultural activities.
Before applying for agricultural support, you can examine the devices suitable for the freeze-drying method under the guidance of a Liyolife freeze dryer. In this way, you can freeze-dry the products you take from the soil in season and use them every season.
You can reach our previous article at https://liyolife.com/en/rural-development-supports/
Lyophilization is used in various industries today. It is primarily preferred in the food sector and is commonly used to prepare fruits, vegetables, coffee, pet food, and emergency packs. With increasing needs, it is also preferred as a highly practical storage method in the health sector, like Pharmaceuticals.
“Is it possible to develop drugs with lyophilization?” is one of the most wondered questions in the health sector. It is known that drugs and similar medical products are delicate products, and let’s examine the importance of lyophilization technology in preserving these products together.
What is Lyophilization (Freeze Drying) Technology?
Lyophilization is known as the freeze-drying method. Lyophilization is done with freeze-dryer machines produced with the most advanced technology, unlike traditional drying methods. Products are frozen, then the product’s water is removed and dried at low temperatures and pressure. The lyophilization process is carried out using the sublimation effect. The process is completed in three stages. These are:
- Freezing: Here, the sample to be lyophilized is first frozen. This is generally done between -40°C and -80°C. This phase solidifies most of the water in the product, which facilitates the evaporation of water in the next part. Thus, it helps to preserve the original structure of the product.
- Primary Drying (Primary Freezing): The frozen sample is under low pressure. Then heat is applied, which triggers the evaporation and sublimation of water (transition from solid to gas state). This stage allows most of the water in the product to be removed by evaporation.
- Secondary Drying (Secondary Freezing): In this part, the remaining water in the product is removed. For this, the heat is increased further, which triggers the water’s sublimation. Thus, it ensures the product is completely dry and stable.
This technology is widely used in the food industry. For example, fruits and vegetables can be freeze-dried to preserve their fresh taste and nutritional value. It also produces coffee, soup, and other ready-to-eat foods.
One of the most common uses of the lyophilization process is in the Pharmaceutical industry. For example, sperm, erythrocytes, plasma, and serum, as well as some tissues for organ transplantation, can be stored using the lyophilization method due to the ease of long-term storage and transportation. While the benefits of this technology in the health sector are evaluated, Pharmaceutical production with lyophilization is also one of the topics of curiosity.
What are its Applications in the Pharmaceutical Sector?
One of the most delicate products used in the health sector is Pharmaceuticals. The storage conditions and durability until the expiration date of the drugs, which are an important part of the treatment process, are of great importance. The Pharmaceutical technology that emerges at this stage is one of the effective technologies used in Pharmaceutical manufacturing. It includes the design of various drugs using natural, semi-synthetic, and synthetic active ingredients.
Pharmaceutical technology aims to develop an ideal medication that is more effective, has fewer side effects, and is less toxic. Also, lyophilized drugs’ development is very important for Pharmaceutical technology for delicate operations such as storing and transporting drugs. It is possible to see the applications of this technology in the Pharmaceutical sector in different types.
The formulation is developed for Pharmaceutical lyophilizers, and the lyophilization process is applied. The lyophilized serum is among the lyophilization applications used in the Pharmaceutical sector. It is based on freezing substances with liquid nitrogen and drying and is carried out at low temperatures. The importance is dried without damaging its molecular and physical structure, so the matter constituting the vaccine does not lose its fundamental characteristics. Thus, the vaccine’s high impact and biological factors are largely preserved.
Biotechnological Products and Lyophilization
Products produced by biotechnological methods are obtained from living organisms. It involves the utilization of living organisms to be beneficial through technology. These applications include proteins, hormones, antibodies, antibiotics, or vitamins for human health. Pharmaceutical development with lyophilization allows the active substance in the products to be preserved in the best way and stored for a long time.
Antibiotics and Lyophilization
The lyophilization technique has been known since ancient times. However, it gained attention in the 1930s. Because during these years, more effective solutions were sought for storing antibiotics and certain blood products. The initiation of preserving antibiotics with the lyophilization method increases the durability of the products, providing benefits for both human health and the health sector. Antibiotics are one of the significant medical products used with the Pharmaceutical development technique of lyophilization.
Vaccines and Lyophilization
A vaccine is a biological product that gives people immunity against certain diseases. It is stated that these liquids are effective in preventing diseases and eliminating contagious infections. However, they must be correctly produced and stored to maintain effectiveness. Lyophilization is important in the production chain of live vaccines in particular. The lyophilization method is highly advantageous for preserving and transporting these liquids without breaking the cold chain.
Pharmaceutical Development Process with Lyophilization
Today, drugs are divided into two groups: chemically and biologically. Biological Pharmaceuticals are drugs used for therapeutic purposes for human health. They are products with bioactivity obtained from living organisms, parasites, or animal toxins in terms of content. They are used for monitoring and treatment purposes for cancer or many diseases. Therefore, Pharmaceutical development with lyophilization is one of the important issues in the health sector.
There are some elements to consider when creating a formulation for the process. Details such as at what temperature and speed it will be frozen and at what pressure and temperature the primary drying will be done are important for Pharmaceutical development with lyophilization.
The packaging after these stages is also crucial. For example, it is essential to ensure that freeze-dried products are protected from moisture. Therefore, the packaging process is very important. The containers containing the product must be sealed without contact with air.
Advantages of Lyophilization Technology
To summarize, lyophilization technology is the process of removing water from the product to be stored. Like all over the world, it is a technique that finds a lot of usage areas for our country’s health and food industries. The advantages of lyophilization technology can be listed as follows:
- Increasing the durability of the products. Because the lower the water content in the product, the less risk of spoilage. Therefore, the shelf life is longer compared to traditional storage methods.
- Reducing water in lyophilization minimizes the weight of the product. This not only facilitates transportation but also reduces transportation costs.
- The products’ content, color, taste, and spoilage remain the same.
- There is the possibility of obtaining sterile products with lyophilization.
- The usage period of biological products is very sensitive. Therefore, it is one of the most suitable methods for their storage.
Lyophilization may seem technically lengthy; however, it is necessary to have sensitive temperatures and pressure to store dried biological and organic substances. Therefore, Pharmaceutical development with lyophilization is one of today’s most effective and healthy methods.
Moreover, this method and the tools used continue to be developed depending on technological advancements. When examining the designed freeze dryer products, the lyophilization systems offered by Liyolife provide you with the most advanced technology.
Quick installation, starting to dry with a single button after preparing the products, sufficient technical support, and maintenance are important features for every industry. Depending on the usage area, you can choose one of our Liyolife freeze dryer products of different volumes and characteristics. For this, you can contact us and get detailed information, and you, too, can benefit from the advantages of lyophilization technology.
You can reach our previous article from https://liyolife.com/en/agricultural-subsidies/